In the Kabbalah, the original archetype of man—an ideal conception of man, the first to be created and the model for all future humanity. He is the spiritual man, the heavenly man, who contains in perfect form all the divine attributes.
Some Kabbalists teach that when the [[sefirot]] emanated from
''[[Ein Sof]] '', they first took the form of Adam Kadmon. Kabbalists describe him as “the concealed shape of the Godhead itself.”<ref>Gershom G. Scholem, ''On the Mystical Shape of the Godhead: Basic Concepts in the Kabbalah'' (New York: Schocken Books, 1991), p. 39</ref> Adam Kadmon is androgynous; in him the male and female forces are in complete harmony and balance.
Kabbalists usually depict Adam Kadmon so that we are viewing his back. This is based on the passage from Exodus where Moses asks God to show him his glory but the Lord reveals only his back to Moses, saying: “Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me and live.... And thou shalt see my back parts: but my face shall not be seen.” (Exod. 33:22, 30)