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The standard biography that portrays Columbus as a poor self-seeking Genoese social climber driven by the need to attain fame and fortune leans on shaky historical foundations. Some of the myths concerning Columbus’s life originate from Washington Irving’s popular 1828 biography ''The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus'', including the myth that many believed the world was flat. In fact, no educated person in the fifteenth century believed the world was flat. Nor was Columbus “an obscure navigator” as Irving asserts.
 
The standard biography that portrays Columbus as a poor self-seeking Genoese social climber driven by the need to attain fame and fortune leans on shaky historical foundations. Some of the myths concerning Columbus’s life originate from Washington Irving’s popular 1828 biography ''The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus'', including the myth that many believed the world was flat. In fact, no educated person in the fifteenth century believed the world was flat. Nor was Columbus “an obscure navigator” as Irving asserts.
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[[File:Inspiración de Cristóbal Colón, por José María Obregón.jpg|thumb|<translate><!--T:63--> ''Inspiration of Christopher Columbus'', Jose Maria Obregon (1856)</translate>]]
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== Early voyages == <!--T:12-->
 
== Early voyages == <!--T:12-->
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This last position seems to be backed up by Columbus’s own words. In 1501 he wrote to Ferdinand and Isabella, “For the execution of the journey to the Indies I was not aided by intelligence, by mathematics or by maps. It was simply the fulfillment of what Isaiah had prophesied.”  
 
This last position seems to be backed up by Columbus’s own words. In 1501 he wrote to Ferdinand and Isabella, “For the execution of the journey to the Indies I was not aided by intelligence, by mathematics or by maps. It was simply the fulfillment of what Isaiah had prophesied.”  
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[[File:Inspiración de Cristóbal Colón, por José María Obregón.jpg|thumb|<translate><!--T:63--> ''Inspiration of Christopher Columbus'', Jose Maria Obregon (1856)</translate>]]
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== Personal life == <!--T:16-->
 
== Personal life == <!--T:16-->
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After having lost the ''Santa Maria'', which was grounded on a coral reef (the officer on duty turned the helm over to one of the ship’s boys), the ''Niña'' and ''Pinta'' sailed back to Spain, but not before being caught in a severe storm. Columbus returned to Spain on March 15, 1493, and was received by Ferdinand and Isabella with great pomp. The crown reconfirmed his titles and honors.
 
After having lost the ''Santa Maria'', which was grounded on a coral reef (the officer on duty turned the helm over to one of the ship’s boys), the ''Niña'' and ''Pinta'' sailed back to Spain, but not before being caught in a severe storm. Columbus returned to Spain on March 15, 1493, and was received by Ferdinand and Isabella with great pomp. The crown reconfirmed his titles and honors.
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[[File:Columbus by Dioscoro Puebla.jpg|thumb|upright=1.4|First landing of Christopher Columbus in America, Dióscoro Puebla (1862)]]
    
== Subsequent voyages == <!--T:29-->
 
== Subsequent voyages == <!--T:29-->

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