Changes

Jump to navigation Jump to search
Updating to match new version of source page
Line 1: Line 1:  
<languages />
 
<languages />
[[File:0000144 poster-saint-germain-sindelar-1403 600.jpeg|thumb|O Mestre Ascenso Saint Germain]]
+
[[File:Portrait of a Man, Said to be Christopher Columbus.jpg|thumb|alt=caption|Posthumous portrait of Christopher Columbus by Sebastiano del Piombo (1519)]]
    +
The Ascended Master [[Saint Germain]] was embodied as '''Christopher Columbus''', Cristóbal Colón (c. 1451–1506), the discoverer of America. We was aptly named after Saint Christopher, who by legend is pictured carrying the infant Jesus across the waters.
   −
The Ascended Master [[Saint Germain]] was embodied as ''Christopher Columbus'', Cristóbal Colón (c. 1451–1506), the discoverer of America. We was aptly named after Saint Christopher, who by legend is pictured carrying the infant Jesus across the waters.  
+
Under the patronage of Spain, Columbus with three small ships braved the turbulent unfamiliar Atlantic Ocean to discover a new route to the East; but in a deeper sense, there is no doubt that his [[Holy Christ Self]] was drawing him to a new land—a virgin soil—where his long-cherished vision of an Utopia might be brought to fruition. No doubt the [[Temple of Purification|focus of Lord Zadkiel]] beckoned him onward to pursue the flame that was his first love—freedom.
 +
 
 +
== Early life ==
    
Christopher Columbus is one of the best known personages in history, yet his life is shrouded in mystery and is subject to misunderstandings and myths.
 
Christopher Columbus is one of the best known personages in history, yet his life is shrouded in mystery and is subject to misunderstandings and myths.
  −
== Early life ==
      
More than 250 scholarly books and articles have been written on the origins of Columbus. But no one knows for certain where Columbus was born or his date of birth, nor even exactly what he looked like. Columbus’s son Fernando said his father  
 
More than 250 scholarly books and articles have been written on the origins of Columbus. But no one knows for certain where Columbus was born or his date of birth, nor even exactly what he looked like. Columbus’s son Fernando said his father  
Line 22: Line 23:     
The standard biography that portrays Columbus as a poor self-seeking Genoese social climber driven by the need to attain fame and fortune leans on shaky historical foundations. Some of the myths concerning Columbus’s life originate from Washington Irving’s popular 1828 biography ''The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus'', including the myth that many believed the world was flat. In fact, no educated person in the fifteenth century believed the world was flat. Nor was Columbus “an obscure navigator” as Irving asserts.
 
The standard biography that portrays Columbus as a poor self-seeking Genoese social climber driven by the need to attain fame and fortune leans on shaky historical foundations. Some of the myths concerning Columbus’s life originate from Washington Irving’s popular 1828 biography ''The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus'', including the myth that many believed the world was flat. In fact, no educated person in the fifteenth century believed the world was flat. Nor was Columbus “an obscure navigator” as Irving asserts.
 +
 +
[[File:Inspiración de Cristóbal Colón, por José María Obregón.jpg|thumb|''Inspiration of Christopher Columbus'', Jose Maria Obregon (1856)]]
    
== Early voyages ==
 
== Early voyages ==
Line 57: Line 60:     
After having lost the ''Santa Maria'', which was grounded on a coral reef (the officer on duty turned the helm over to one of the ship’s boys), the ''Niña'' and ''Pinta'' sailed back to Spain, but not before being caught in a severe storm. Columbus returned to Spain on March 15, 1493, and was received by Ferdinand and Isabella with great pomp. The crown reconfirmed his titles and honors.
 
After having lost the ''Santa Maria'', which was grounded on a coral reef (the officer on duty turned the helm over to one of the ship’s boys), the ''Niña'' and ''Pinta'' sailed back to Spain, but not before being caught in a severe storm. Columbus returned to Spain on March 15, 1493, and was received by Ferdinand and Isabella with great pomp. The crown reconfirmed his titles and honors.
 +
 +
[[File:Columbus by Dioscoro Puebla.jpg|thumb|upright=1.4|First landing of Christopher Columbus in America, Dióscoro Puebla (1862)]]
    
== Subsequent voyages ==
 
== Subsequent voyages ==
Line 124: Line 129:     
Columbus is said to have initiated slavery in America. Yet, slavery was already being practiced by the natives when he arrived. The Indian tribes of America were as cruel and corrupt, and more so, than the nations of Europe. It is well known that ritual cannibalism and ritual scrifice were practised by the Caribs and Aztecs. While it is true that Columbus did send 550 Indians to Spain, these were the mores of that period, and, unfortunately, slavery was a customary practice, sanctioned by the ruling monarchs and the Catholic Church, especially as a result of the defeat of the Moors, who were sold or given into slavery.
 
Columbus is said to have initiated slavery in America. Yet, slavery was already being practiced by the natives when he arrived. The Indian tribes of America were as cruel and corrupt, and more so, than the nations of Europe. It is well known that ritual cannibalism and ritual scrifice were practised by the Caribs and Aztecs. While it is true that Columbus did send 550 Indians to Spain, these were the mores of that period, and, unfortunately, slavery was a customary practice, sanctioned by the ruling monarchs and the Catholic Church, especially as a result of the defeat of the Moors, who were sold or given into slavery.
  −
[[File:Inspiración de Cristóbal Colón, por José María Obregón.jpg|thumb|''Inspiration of Christopher Columbus'', Jose Maria Obregon (1856)]]
      
== His spiritual life ==
 
== His spiritual life ==
12,987

edits

Navigation menu