From India, marijuana spread to the Middle East. Since the Moslem faith specifically forbids the use of alcohol, marijuana was accepted as a substitute, and its use “thoroughly permeated Islamic culture within a few centuries.” Because of the euphoria it induced, the Arabs described it as the “joy-giver,” “sky-flyer” and “soother of grief.”
- National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse, Marihuana: A Signal Misunderstanding (1972), part one, section I.
- J.M. Campbell, “On the Religion of Hemp,” quoting the Makhvan, in Indian Hemp Drugs Commission Report (Simla, India: 1893–94), 3:252.