Chiang Kai-shek (1887–1975) was a soldier and statesman who ruled China from 1928–49 and headed the Chinese Nationalist government on Taiwan.
Chiang Kai-shek was trained for a military career and took part in revolutionary activities against the Manchus and President Yuan Shih-k’ai. In 1918 he joined Sun Yat-sen (leader of the Kuomintang, or revolutionary Nationalist Party) in his attempt to unify China and overthrow the warlords. He served as chief of staff of a Cantonese army and was later named as commandant of the Whampoa Military Academy.
After Sun’s death in 1925, Chiang Kai-shek, who had previously followed Sun’s policy of cooperating with the Communists, became the central figure of the growing anti-Communist movement. In 1927, he broke with the Communists in a bloody coup that marked the beginning of the long civil war between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party.
As commander in chief of the Nationalist army, he waged a campaign against the warlords from 1926–28 and in 1928 became head of the central government in Nanking and generalissimo of Chinese Nationalist forces. Chiang Kai-shek’s reign was fraught with intermittent fighting with the Communists and full-scale war with the Japanese. After a Kuomintang-Communist alliance to fight Japanese aggression, hostilities between the two groups continued.
A major Communist campaign against Chiang Kai-shek finally drove him off the mainland to Taiwan in 1949. There he established and headed the Nationalist government in exile, promising to retake the mainland.
Archangel Gabriel said of Chiang Kai-shek:
Children of the light of Taiwan, you have held that line with the legions of Jophiel and Christine for many an aeon and many an arena of the time/space continuums! And your own Chiang Kai-shek, Madame Chiang, and Chiang Ching-kuo have figured again and again as heroes and heroine of your legions of light.
Archangel Gabriel, Mysteries of the Holy Grail, chapter 9, endnotes.
- Archangel Gabriel, Mysteries of the Holy Grail, chapter 9.