The first part of the Hail Mary is the angelic salutation of Gabriel, “Hail, Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee.” (Luke 1:28) To this was added Elisabeth’s salutation to Mary, “Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb.” (Luke 1:42)
The third part of the Hail Mary was inspired by the Council at Ephesus in <small>A.D
. 470</small>. The prayer “Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death” settled the Nestorian heresy which arose from the mouth of Anastasius, “Let no one call Mary the mother of God, for Mary was a human being; and that God should be born of a human being is impossible.”<ref>''Encyclopaedia Britannica'', 1949, s.v. “Nestorius.”</ref> With this additional affirmation, the Council at Ephesus affirmed the Motherhood of God for all of Christendom.
=== The meaning of “Mother of God” ===