In addition, archaeological evidence has shown that Canaan was not populated by semi-nomads but was a land of culturally advanced city kingdoms. Eminent biblical archaeologist William F. Albright advanced the theory that Abraham lived around 1800 B.C. and “was a wealthy caravaneer and merchant whose relations with the native princes and communities were fixed by contracts and treaties (covenants).” Others have described the patriarch as the charismatic chief of a clan of herdsmen, farmers and warriors. Scholar Zecharia Sitchin claims that Abraham was a Sumerian nobleman born as early as 2123 B.C. who was descended from a priestly family of royal blood and who had a large household and a private army.
- The Biblical Archaeologist, vol. 36, 1973, 1, pp. 15, 16.
- See Zecharia Sitchin, The Wars of Gods and Men (New York: Avon Books, 1985), pp. 281–309.