To the Athenians, she was known as Parthenos, which means “Virgin,” or “Maiden.” They built the Parthenon in her honor on the Acropolis at Athens. The beautiful Parthenon was one of the largest Greek temples and a masterpiece of Greek architecture. It was the spiritual center of Athens. Built on a high hill, it was visible for miles around and stood as a symbol of Athenian culture, wealth and power. Inside, toward the west end, towered a forty-foot-high ivory and gold statue of the goddess, sculpted by Phidias.